[A pdf is also available.]


U. Pennsylvania: Ph.D. in History and Sociology of Science, 1991.

U. Pennsylvania: M.A. in History and Sociology of Science, 1988.

U. Pennsylvania: B.A. w/ Honors in History and Sociology of Science, 1986.


Microsoft Research Cambridge, January 2011-present: Visiting Researcher in the Socio-Digital Systems group, working on contemplative computing.

Future2, July 2009-present: Founder of a research and consulting company focused on developing and applying new futures techniques. Our aim is to make futures more perceptive and persuasive.

Oxford University, March 2008-present: Associate Fellow, Saïd Business School. Advising students in the EBMA program on projects relating to technology, futures, scenarios and strategy.

Institute for the Future, January 2000-July 2009: Research Director. Director or coauthor of projects on the future of science, ubiquitous computing, mobile communication, and other subjects. Organized and facilitated expert workshops and client events.

Stanford University, 1999-present: Visiting Scholar, History and Philosophy of Science; Visiting Scholar, Science Technology and Society, 1999-2008. Conduct research in history of science and technology.

Encyclopaedia Britannica, April 1996-February 1999: Managing editor. Directed content development for Britannica’s first multimedia CD and Web site; revamped editorial processes.

University of California-Davis, 1994-1996: Lecturer, Department of History.

University of California-Berkeley: Chancellor’s postdoctoral fellow, 1994-1996.

Stanford University: NSF postdoctoral fellow, 1991-1992.

Williams College: Gaius Charles Bolin fellow, Department of History, 1989-1990.


Research. Ability to design and manage complex, multidisciplinary research projects. Authored a dozen public IFTF reports on the future of information technology, ubiquitous computing, and science; coauthored several dozen proprietary reports, roadmaps, and scenarios.

Writing. Author of one academic book (Empire and the Sun, Stanford U. Press, 2002), and three dozen articles and reviews in magazines, newspapers, and scholarly journals. Regular contributor to both professional and personal blogs.

Meeting organization and facilitation. Extensive experience organizing and facilitating conferences, workshops, and brainstorming sessions. Led or co-hosted scenario exercises, expert workshops, and executive workshops in Europe, Asia, Australia, and North America.

Management. Managed Encyclopedia Britannica’s 25-member editorial division and $2 million budget during EB’s transition from print to electronic publishing; have managed small groups and distributed teams at IFTF.

Speaking. Taught courses at UC-Berkeley, Stanford, and Williams College. Presented numerous keynotes and invited talks in Europe, Asia, and North America.

Technical/Web. 10+ years experience with HTML, CSS, Web design. Founding editor of IFTF’s Future Now blog (future.iftf.org); developed wikis for futures and strategy groups in major companies, and for internal IFTF use.


Books and Reports

Empire and the Sun: Victorian Solar Eclipse Expeditions. (Writing Science Series.) Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002. [Google Books]

Future Knowledge Ecosystems: The Next 20 Years of Technology-Led Economic Development. (With Anthony Townsend and Rick Weddle.) Raleigh, NC: Research Triangle Park Foundation, 2009.

Knowledge Tools of the Future.” (With Mike Love.) 2008 Technology Horizons.

A Model World: Simulation and the Future of Virtuality.” (With David Pescovitz.) 2007 Technology Horizons.

Intentional Biology: Nature as Source and Code.” (With David Pescovitz.) 2006 Technology Horizons.

RFID in Consumers’ Eyes: Creating Value Beyond the Supply Chain. 2005 Technology Horizons.

Very Small World: The Future of MEMS and Nanotechnology. (With Kathi Vian.) 2003 Technology Horizons.

Eight Connective Technologies. (With Kathi Vian, et al.) 2002 Technology Horions.

Articles and Essays

“Citizen Scientist.” (With Bob Twiggs.) Scientific American, in press, February 2011.

“Using Futures 2.0 to Manage Intractable Futures: The Challenge of Weight Loss.” Foresight: The Journal of Futures Studies, Strategic Thinking and Policy, in press.

“Feasting at the ‘Banquet of Consequences:’ Unintended Consequences and the Future of Futures.” myForesight: The Journal of Malaysian Futures, in press.

“Thinking Big: Large Media, Creativity and Collaboration.” Parsons Journal for Information Mapping 3:1 (January 2011), online at http://piim.newschool.edu/journal/.

“Social Scanning: Or, Finally a Use for Twitter!” Futures: The Journal of Policy, Planning and Futures Studies 42 (December 2010), 1222-1230.

Global Scenarios: Their Current State and Future. Monterey, CA: Naval Postgraduate School, GPPAG Working Paper, 2010.

“Paper Spaces: Visualizing the Future.” World Future Review (February/March 2010), 31-40.

Futures 2.0: Rethinking the Discipline.” Foresight: The Journal of Futures Studies, Strategic Thinking and Policy 12:1 (Spring 2010), 5-20.

“Four Secrets of Science and Business Innovation.” eJournal USA, special issue on “Roots of Innovation” (November 2009), 19-22.

“The Growth of Citizen Science.” (With Darlene Cavalier.) New York Academy of Sciences Magazine (October 2009), 8.

“Mighty Mouse.” diid: disengo industriale | industrial design 39 (2009), i-xvi.

Tinkering to the FutureVodafone Receiver Magazine 22 (May 2009).

Why We’re Not Obsolete.” Seed Magazine Online (12 May 2009).

“Hands, Minds, and the End of Cyberspace.” In Kristof Nyiri, ed, Towards a Philosophy of Telecommunications Convergence (Vienna: Passagen Verlag, 2008), 55-62.

“The Industrialization of Vision in Victorian Science.” Bildwelten des Wissens 5:2 (2008), 20-28.

The Next Scientific Revolution?” 2007 Ten Year Forecast.

Ecoscience in the Marketplace.” (With Kathi Vian, et al.) 2007 Ten Year Forecast.

The Future of Manufacturing.” (With Jamais Cascio.) 2007 Ten Year Forecast.

Science in the City.” (With Anthony Townsend.) 2006 Ten Year Forecast.

“Raising the Floor: Are You Ready for the Next Industrial Revolution?” Samsung DigitAll Magazine (Summer 2006).

With David Pescovitz. “‘Cyberspace’ is Dead.” Wired 14.02 (February 2006), 39.

“The End of Cyberspace.” Berkshire Savant 1:2 (Winter 2006), 1-2, 8.

“The End of Cyberspace.” 2006 Ten Year Forecast.

Science and Technology Outlook: 2005-2055. (With Marina Gorbis, et al.) Department of Trade and Industry, UK Government, 2006.

“From iPod to Ourpod: Will it Become a More Social Machine?” San Jose Mercury News (10 October 2005), P1, 6.

“When Worlds Collide,” CIM Magazine (Spring 2005), 28-29.

Visible Minds: Collective Intelligence.” 2005 Ten Year Forecast.

Place and Space: The Emerging Geoweb. (With Rod Falcon, et al.) 2004 Technology Horizons.

“The Addressable World.” 2004 Ten Year Forecast.

“Globally Mobile Boomers.” (With Paul Saffo.) 2004 Ten Year Forecast.

Mighty Mouse,” Stanford Magazine (March/April 2002).

“Environmentalism and Economics Partner Up.” 2002 Ten Year Forecast.

The Making of the Mouse.” American Heritage of Invention and Technology (Winter 2001), 48-54.

Old Wine for New Bottles: Developing the Britannica CD Multimedia Timelines.” Human IT 1/1999 (Spring 1999), 95-118.

Hypertext, the Next Generation: A Review and Research Agenda.” First Monday 3:11 (November 1998).

The Work of the Encyclopedia in the Age of Electronic Reproduction.” First Monday 3:9 (September 1998).

“Visual Representation and Post-constructivist History of Science.” Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences, 27 (1997), 139-171.

“‘Stars should henceforth register themselves’: The Rhetoric and Reality of Early Astrophotography.” British Journal for the History of Science 31 (1997), 177-201.  [Reprinted in Tim Lenoir, ed., Inscribing Science (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1998), and Peter Geimer, ed., Ordnungen der Sichtbarkeit: Fotografie in Wissenschaft, Kunst und Technologie (Suhrkamp, 2001).]

“Dome Days: Buckminster Fuller and the Cold War.” In Jenny Uglow, ed., Cultural Babbage: Essays in Science Studies (London: Faber & Faber, 1996), 167-192.

Whose Dome is It, Anyway?” American Heritage of Invention and Technology (Spring 1996), 28-31.

“Gender, Culture, and Astrophysical Fieldwork: Elizabeth Campbell and the Lick Observatory-Crocker Eclipse Expeditions.” Osiris, 11 (1996), 17-43.

“Victorian Observing Practices, Printing Technology, and Representations of the Solar Corona.” Journal for the History of Astronomy, 25 (November 1994), 249-274; 26 (February 1995), 63-75.

“The Social Event of the Season: Solar Eclipse Expeditions and Victorian Culture.” Isis, 84 (June 1993), 252-277.

“The Richards Medical Research Building.” In David Brownlee and David de Long, eds., Louis Kahn: In the Realm of Architecture, (New York: Rizzoli, 1991), 324-329.  [Reprinted in translation: Louis I. Kahn: Le monde de l’architecte, tr. Alain Guiheux (Paris: Centre Georges Pompidou, 1992); Ruisu Kan: Kenchiku no Sekai, tr. Koyama Laboratory (Tokyo: Delphi Research, 1992); Louis I. Kahn, tr. Caterina Fuchi (Milan: RCS Libri e Grande Opere, 1995).]

“Edward Bowles and Radio Engineering at MIT, 1920-1940.” Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences, 20 (1990), 313-337.

“Oral History and the History of Science.” International Journal of Oral History, 10 (1989), 270-285.

Book Reviews

Sunspotting,” American Scientist 95:6 (December 2007). Review of Stuart Clark, The Sun Kings.

Carving the Valley,” Chemical Heritage Magazine 25:1 (Spring 2007). Review of Christoph Lecuyer, Making Silicon Valley.

Intel Insider,” American Scientist 93:6 (December 2007). Review of Leslie Berlin, The Man Behind the Microchip.

“Staying Human in an Age of Zeroes and Ones.” Los Angeles Times Book Review (25 August 2005), 2. Review of Michael Chorost, Rebuilt: How Becoming Part Computer Made Me More Human.

“Era of Souped-up Humans Beings is Coming.” Los Angeles Times (7 March 2005), C4. Review of Ramez Naam, More Than Human: Embracing the Promise of Biological Enhancement.

“The Gadgets of Our Lives,” Los Angeles Times Book Review (2 May 2004), 6. Review of Edward Tenner, Our Own Devices: The Past and Future of Body Technology.

“Rise of the Machines,” Los Angeles Times Book Review (14 December 2003), 12-13. Review of Clark, Natural Born Cyborgs and Rheingold, Smart Mobs.

“It’ll be a Bug’s Life,” Los Angeles Times Book Review (6 July 2003), 5. Review of Bruce Sterling, Tomorrow Now.

“Paper or Plastic,” Los Angeles Times Book Review (14 April 2002), 8. Review of David Levy, Scrolling Forward.

“The Final Frontier,” Los Angeles Times Book Review (13 January 2002), 5. Review of Lawrence Lessig, The Future of Ideas.

“The Next Next Thing,” American Scholar 70: 4 (Autumn 2001), 138-142. Review of Steven Johnson, Emergence.

“Kathryn Harrison, On Line and on Paper,” Isis 92:1 (March 2001), 204-205.

“Don’t Worry, Be Wealthy,” San Jose Mercury News Book Review (29 October 2000), 1, 4. Review of Dinesh D’Souza, The Virtues of Prosperity.

Mongrel Capitalism,” The Atlantic Monthly (November 2000), 118-120. Review of G. Pascal Zachary, The Global Me.

“The Human Touch,” Los Angeles Times Book Review (3 September 2000), 1-3. Review of John Seely Brown and Paul Duguid, The Social Life of Information.

“Creative Destruction: Will Fast Money Dull Silicon Valley’s Edge?” Los Angeles Times Book Review (31 October 1999), 1-2. Review of Hiltzig, Dealers of Lightning; Kaplan, The Silicon Boys; Michael Lewis, The New New Thing.

“Lost Innocence,” American Scholar 68 (Summer 1999). Review of Alvin Kernan, In Plato’s Cave.

“The Book is Here to Stay,” American Scholar 68 (Winter 1998), 139-141. Review of Kilgour, The Evolution of the Book and O’Donnell, Avatars of the Word.

Bernard Smith, Imagining the Pacific. Isis 85:2 (June 1994), 340-341.

S. N. Sen, Scientific and Technical Education in India. Isis 84:2 (June 1993), 398-399.

Henry Guerlac, Radar in World War II. Isis 80:3 (September 1989), 556-557.

Jay Baldwin, BuckyWorks. Isis 89:1 (March 1998), 170-171.

E. G. Bowen, Radar Days. Isis 79:4 (December 1988), 739-740.

Mel Horwitch, Clipped Wings. Isis 78:4 (December 1987), 644-645.

Selected Electronic Publications and Projects

X2: The Future of Science Technology and Innovation. An online project to forecast science and technology innovations; map future geographical centers of excellence; and identify new groups of innovators. Developed initial editorial and technical specs; served as editor and information ecologist; conducted workshops with scientists in England, Hungary, Malaysia, Singapore, and the U.S.

Founding editor, IFTF’s Future Now, a group weblog on technology and the future, June 2003-present.

“The Future,” Red Herring Online weblog, April 2004-May 2005.

Making the Macintosh: Technology and Culture in Silicon Valley, Stanford Library, June 2000.

Encyclopaedia Britannica 1998 CD. Directed content development for Britannica’s first multimedia CD.

Selected Keynotes, Invited Talks, and Conference Presentations

“The Life of the Mind.” American Historical Association, Washington DC, 6 January 2008. [online]

“The Future of Science: Revolutions.” Technology and Society: Global and Local Challenges. Budapest, 2 October 2007.

“Hands, Brains, and Cyberspace: Implications of Convergence.” Philosophy of Communications Convergence, Budapest, 29 September 2007.

“Innovation, Culture, and the Future.” Closing keynote, Culture and Innovation Conference, Turku, Finland, 8 June 2007.

“The Future of RFID.” RFID World Asia 2007, Singapore, 25 April 2007.

“The Future of Science.” National Nuclear Security Administration, Department of Energy, Washington DC, 4 April 2007.

“The Future of Technology Forecasting.” Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Shrivenham, England, 15 November 2006.

“The End of Cyberspace.” University Library Lecture, UC-Santa Cruz, 25 April 2006.

“The Future of Design.” Design Day Conference, Aarhus, Denmark, 25 October 2005.

“The Futures of STS.” Does STS Mean Business 2? Saïd Business School, Oxford University, 29 June 2005.

“Sensors and Sensibility: The Rise of Pervasive Computing and the Fall of Cyberspace.” NEXT 2004, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1 December 2004.

“Pervasive Computing and the Future of Media.” Digital Cultures and Institutions Program, Santa Clara University, 22 October 2004.

“The Future of Paper.” GAMIS, Denver CO, 15 October 2004.

“The Past and Future of New Media.” Cal State Hayward, 4 March 2004.

“Happy Ever After in the Marketplace: STS in Strategic Planning.” CSTS lectures, Santa Clara University, May 2003.

“Emerging Technologies and the Future of Education.” Community College Foundation, Cupertino, 3 December 2002.


Advisory Board, Innovation Media Africa, November 2008-present.

Board of Trustees, Peninsula School, June 2006-May 2009.

Strategic Planning Committee, Peninsula School, February 2005-May 2006.

Editorial Board, American Scholar, May 1999-September 2004.

Guiding Committee, Unleashing the Humanities: The Doctorate Beyond the Academy, Woodrow Wilson Foundation, 1999-2001.

Committee on Publications, History of Science Society, 1996-1999.

Committee on Diversity, History of Science Society, 1993-1996.

Book Review Editor, Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences, 1992-1996.


U. Pennsylvania: Inaugural Oppenheim lecture, University Scholars, 2 November 2001.

Korea Society: Travel fellowship to South Korea, fall 1998.

History of Science Society: Henry and Ida Schuman prize, 1991.

National Science Foundation: Graduate fellowship, 1987-89, 1990-91.

Newcomen Society and College Alumni Society prizes for best senior thesis, 1986.

U. Pennsylvania: University Scholar, 1984-91; Benjamin Franklin Scholar, 1982-86.

Philip Morris, Inc.: Full academic scholarship, 1982-86.

Max Planck Institute, Berlin: Postdoctoral fellowship, 1996 (declined).

UCLA: STS postdoctoral fellowship, 1994 (declined).

NATO/NSF: Postdoctoral fellowship to Cambridge University, 1992 (declined).


Information Revolutions: Technology and forms of knowledge.

Methods seminar in science studies.

History of Western science from antiquity to today.

History of science and technology in America, 1865-1995.

Art, technology, and science from antiquity to today.

Nature, history, and natural history from Pliny to Darwin.

Technology, science, and European imperialism.