• Although it is generally agreed that the outer space should be used for the benefit of all mankind, only a fraction of the countries have the necessary technological base for accessing space. Space technology, with its implications on science, economy and well-being of citizens, is mostly chosen as one of the priority areas for technological development by developing countries. However, there is already an over-capacity in global space industry and there are doubts on necessity of additional capacity establishment by developing countries. In this study, the importance and benefits of capacity-building in these countries are emphasized and the advantages and disadvantages that developing countries have in the framework of space technology acquisition are briefly presented.
  • "Scientists said today they plan to commercially produce the CubeSat – which is 10cm high and weighs the same as a bag of sugar. The 1kg device, which can be constructed with off-the-shelf electronic components, have traditionally been a cheap way for universities to research outer space. They are taken into space on the back of larger satellites from which they are launched. Once in space they are powered with solar panels. But University of Strathclyde scientists have teamed up with Glasgow space firm Clyde Space to develop an advanced version of these satellites. Clyde Space would like to commercially produce them, and the university team hopes to use the partnership to launch Scotland's first satellite."
  • a national space programme has tended to be the exclusive preserve of a few rich industrialised countries. Some developing countries notably North Korea, Brazil, Malaysia, Indonesia, Egypt, and lately Nigeria, though not usually classified as industrialized countries, are however trying to catch up. These countries have tried to start at the miniaturized, lightweight end of satellites, because they are less complex as well as much cheaper to assemble and launch.
    (tags: cubesat space)
  • "[T]he Naro-1, was due to put a scientific observation satellite into orbit and propel South Korea into an exclusive group of nine nations that have launched domestically built satellites from their own territory."
  • "This paper addresses the development and design of the HAUSAT-1 (Hankuk Aviation University SATellite-1), a new generation picosatellite, being developed by SSRI (Space System Research Lab.) of Hankuk Aviation University."
  • "We’ve known that the DIY ethic is good for modding your Roomba or building a beer bong, but groups of college students have taken the movement to the next level: space. Working on shoestring budgets and short timelines, duct tape and tape measures, CubeSat enthusiasts build 4-inch square satellites and then piggyback their dreams on bigger missions’ rockets. They do it dirty and cheap, but their results are competitive with their spendier counterparts."
  • "[T]his site is about university-class satellites (sometimes called student-built satellites); we prefer this term to “student satellite” because the latter has become nonspecific through overuse…. [T]he significant distinction of a university-class satellite (as opposed to a space mission with strong university participation) comes from programmatics, not cost or performance; while university-class satellites have traditionally been lowcost and low-performance, this is a logical consequence of the way the missions have proceeded, not an inherent part of their nature. (In fact, there is a mistaken belief that university-built spacecraft are a low-cost alternative to “professional” satellites; see my 2004 paper for further discussion.) The purpose of a university-class mission is to train students in the design, integration and operation of spacecraft, and this is accomplished by giving students direct control over the progress of the program."
  • "In an effort to reduce risk in developing operational spy satellites, the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) has started a new program that will use tiny satellites, known as cubesats, as in-space test platforms for promising new technologies."
  • "This category intends to gather all PicoSat and CubeSat projects."
    (tags: cubesat)
  • "Students often believe that their work will lead to breakthroughs in the satellite industry because student projects can afford to be more innovative and ambitious." According to the aerospace industry and NASA, in contrast, "The value of student-built spacecraft is not in the hardware, but in the experience developed by students…. Who is correct? Are student-built spacecraft valuable because they provide technological innovation or because of the student training opportunities?"
  • "Swartwout said there has been a boom in spacecraft production at universities worldwide, with 30 university-built spacecraft launched over the past decade. Enabling this trend has been the electronics revolution of the late '90s, which made possible the opportunity for universities to make much smaller vehicles with much cheaper price tags. This in turn led to Swartwout developing the modus operandi of developing student-built, "disposable," spacecraft that function over a short timeframe of a few weeks. The hope, Swartwout said, is that some day an innovation developed by students at a university will become a "disruptive" technology – one that is implemented and alters the status quo of spacecraft design."
  • 2004 article on cubesats
  • "Flying satellites in space might seem like a real stretch for the amateur. In fact, for decades the amateur radio community has been building and flying their series of amateur satellites under the guidance of AMSAT (The Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation). Furthermore, amsats have been first in a number of satellite technologies including store and forward messaging and dopplar location for search and rescue. See Highlights of Space Radio for more examples of amsat accomplishments. Amsats have also become the models for the smallsat revolution. More and more spacecraft, such as the space probes Lunar Prospector and the Mars Global Surveyor, as well as low earth orbit comsats like Orbcomm, are built small and specialised and in relatively short times. This goes against the traditional approach of huge general purpose spacecraft (see, for example, the Cassini probe to Saturn) that take many years to build."
  • "Orbiting Satellites Carrying Amateur Radio (OSCAR) series of small satellites was initiated for radio amateurs to experience satellite tracking and participate in radio propagation experiments." First amateur satellites were launched in 1961, substituting for ballast on a USAF rocket.
  • List of cubesat launches, 2003-2009.
  • "A payload from Trondheim and a satellite platform developed in Canada can give Norway a better view of activities in ocean areas under national jurisdiction."
  • "This list is meant to give an overview over the success rate, mission and payloads, communication, attitude and orbit determination and control systems along with links to the various projects. Only missions already launched, scheduled for launch, or being actively worked on are included on this page."
  • Website of the Libertad-1 project, Colombia's first satellite.