I have many other things to work on at the moment, but I want to call attention to this amazing, and I think incredibly important, special issue of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society on "Predictions in the Brain:"
Just as physicists can explain complex systems with a small set of elegant equations (e.g. Maxwell's), it might be possible for the multidisciplinary study of the brain to produce a list of well-defined universal principles that can explain the majority of its operation. Given exciting developments in theory, empirical findings and computational studies, it seems that the generation of predictions might be one strong candidate for such a universal principle. Predictions in the brain is the focus of the collection of papers in this special theme issue…. [T]hese papers range from addressing cellular underpinnings to computational principles to cognition, emotion and happiness, and they cover predictions that range from the next turn for a rat navigating a maze to predictions required in social interactions.
It includes articles by a bunch of great people, including Thomas Suddendorf, whose work on cognitive evolution and the capacity to think about the future I find extremely stimulating; Rodolfo Llinás, author of the great book I of the Vortex; and Daniel Gilbert, whose terrific book Stumbling on Happiness introduced me to the neuroscientific literature on future thinking.
I'm not sure how much of it is publicly available– I got to the collection through two different library systems, and have no idea what was automatically authorized.