That's the question posed by German academics Claus Leggewie and Harald Welzer. Unfortunately their book It's the End of the World as We Know It (yes, it's borrowed from REM) isn't available in English, but there is this essay:
Rising energy costs and the eco-social consequences of climate change are causing anxieties about the future to increase, while trust in the ability of political elites to solve these problems is evaporating. Reaching eco-political targets calls for more participation of citizens as active architects of their society.
Also read their interview, "Jolly Eschatology."