Construction at the Bodleian library is probably interfering with the silence.
Not to mention making Sir Thomas himself look a bit like he just wrapped himself in a shower curtain….
Last week I went to Oxford for a few days. I was giving a talk and had to be back for my daughter’s school play, so it was just a quick trip. I hope to make it back for a longer trip before too long.
Fortunately, Oxford was no longer buried under the show-stopping two inches of snow that has assaulted the nation the week before. By the time I got there the place was back to normal, so I was able to get around without any trouble.
Oxford, via flickr
I arrived on Sunday afternoon, worked on my talk for most of the day, then went to a Lebanese restaurant for dinner and walked around afterwards. The restaurant was great, and doubtless I’ll go back there, but it has a bit of an Eastern Promises feel to it: I got the sense that there were plenty of things going on besides grilling lamb and making hummus (which was excellent, don’t get me wrong).
excellent hummus, via flickr
And I was by the far the least swarthy person in the restaurant, which for me is an unusual state of affairs.
I stayed at the Royal Oxford, which was fine as always, though my room looked out at the central courtyard and the ventilation system was about two feet away from my window. But it was a pretty big room, so I guess it was an acceptable trade-off. My feelings about the bathroom design still hold, though: they fell down on the job during the renovation, made the bathtubs too tall, and made it hard to get in an out in a way that feels safe.
Monday was work, so after breakfast I spent most of the rest of the day actually doing what I went there to do. Monday night I had dinner at a rather nice French restaurant in Jericho, one of the neighborhoods of Oxford. I met up with David Orrell, the author of The Future of Everything and someone whose work I find quite interesting.
When I looked it up, it sounded like Jericho was a suburb of Oxford, and I imagined having to take a bus out there; but it turns out to be about a 5-minute walk from the center of town to the edge of the neighborhood. Apparently it started out as a working-class area (Oxford was actually a manufacturing center for a long time, in addition to being a university town), and recently has been gentrified.
Brasserie Blanc, via flickr
Orrell is a very interesting character, a physicist who did some really interesting work on model error in meteorology, and now works in synthetic biology. We spent a couple hours at dinner, talking about prediction, futures, computer and mathematical models, and economics. One of the more interesting things he talked about was how simple models often do a poorer job of explaining the past than elaborate models (that to some degree are tailored to fit historical data), but do a better job of predicting the future. I’ve been turning over in my mind whether it’s possible to apply this to the kind of futures that I do. I’m usually sensitive to the complexity and contingency of human action and decisions, and that tends to make me assume that you can’t simply model human behavior in a usefully predictive way– that people’s interactions with scientific ideas and technologies aren’t quantifiable and computationally tractable.
Maybe this observation helps explain Bruce Bueno De Mesquita’s success. His method does well because of its formality and relative simplicity: he claims to be able to predict the outcomes of political negotiations or corporate power struggles with a pretty limited, specific amount of information. Of course, he also succeeds because he recognizes the limits of his model, and doesn’t push it into areas where it seems likely to fail. I’d like to think that there are no good models for predicting scientific and technological change because they’re too complex. But maybe I’m not looking hard enough for the simplicity.
I don’t know if I’m on a lucky streak, or if I tend to gravitate unconsciously to books written by pleasant and generous people instead of self-righteous jerks– Andrew Parker was really a great person to have breakfast with— but David maintained my streak of having interesting meals with people I basically cold call when I’m in Europe. One of the virtues of being American is that you can deploy a level of extroversion (or intrusiveness) when you travel and, so long as you don’t go overboard with it, people will forgive you for it. (I suspect that one of the keys to living abroad is figuring out when you really have to fit it with the local culture, and when you can get away with things because of Where You’re From.)
Oxford, via flickr
After dinner I walked around a little, as is my custom when I’m on the road; but since I had to pack and be up very early to catch the bus to Heathrow, I decided not to stop at any of the fifty or so pubs I’ve passed that inspired a “oh that looks good, I’ll have to have a drink there sometime” reaction. Next time. And the time after that.
Oxford, via flickr
Tuesday morning I was up at a punishingly early hour to get home. I’ve gotten in the habit of falling asleep to movies or music when I travel, and tonight for some reason had on a playlist of Michael Mann movies; so I drifted in and out of sleep to the sound of gunfire and vague apprehension of beautifully-illuminated but sinister cityscapes. Then I got the X70 bus to Heathrow, had breakfast in the Red Carpet Club, and got on my plane.
For a continent that’s pioneered social democracy, good industrial design, and a generally above-average interest in social welfare, Europe seems to have some of the most dangerous bathrooms in the world. Let me give two examples, both from hotels that otherwise I thought were very good.
First is from my hotel in Vienna, which is in the center of the city, blocks from Stephensplatz, on a nice square, etc.. The main thing going on here is that the absence of a shower curtain– just the half-wall glass thing– seriously raises the odds that I’m going to get water everywhere, and then slip and break something.
k&k hotel, vienna, via flickr
The Royal Oxford is even trickier. I love the hotel in every other respect, but the bathroom is tiny, it’s got the half-glass wall thing, and the bathtub is really high. Now normally I like deep tubs, but when it makes it hard to keep your balance in what’s likely to be a slippery environment, I’m less of a fan.
royal oxford hotel, via flickr
Maybe people in the rest of the world can handle this kind of thing fine. Maybe shower curtains are the equivalent of Humvees with spinning rims– unnecessary, wasteful, and uniquely American. Or perhaps the dangerous bathroom is like Europe’s architectural equivalent of Inspector Clouseau’s butler, Kato: by constantly trying to kill him, Kato helped keep Clouseau alert and in shape. Of course, it didn’t go Clouseau’s apartment much good….
Last night I met up with a friend of mine from Saïd, a recent MBA who’s still living here in Oxford. I supervised a project when he was a student here, and we’ve kept in touch off and on since then. The last time we went out drinking I came up with some of the essential ideas in my Future 2.0 argument, so I had high expectations for our get-together.
We started out with a couple pints in the Oxford Retreat, a nice and relatively quiet pub just up the road from my hotel. It overlooks the stream, so it’s a great location, but it’s not popular with (as one of my friends puts it) the students who come here to learn English and have sex; so it was a good place to talk.
I’m not sure what’s happened to me, but in the last few months my relationship with alcohol has changed significantly. Until recently one drink would more or less put me out; but now, with my jumped-up metabolism (or something), I can drink a lot more, and not have it floor me. Not that I plan to start heavy recreational drinking; but it’s always useful when your limits turn out ot be farther away than they used to be, especially when you’re on the road and seeing lots of people, a disproportionate number of whom will propose a drink, toast, another bottle of wine, etc..
see– i was working! via flickr
From there we went to the Eagle and Child. For those of you who don’t know, the E & C was where J. R. R. Tolkien, C. S. Lewis, and I believe T. S. Eliot hung out (I’m sure about the first two). It’s right across the street from Balliol and St. John’s, so it’s pretty centrally located. At first, I couldn’t believe I was hearing the name of the place right– the friend I was drinking with is from Latin America, so I thought his accent could be getting in my way. But in fact, it is the Eagle and Child, and the pub’s sign does have an eagle bearing away a swaddled baby.
a picture is worth a thousand words, via flickr
We had a couple more pints here, and I ordered some dinner.
Originally I was going to go with the fish and chips, but after looking at the menu I decided to order the Game Pie. When it arrived, I asked the waiter what kind of game it was; I could imagine a big tin of something just labeled “game” in the back. He said, “Tonight sir, we’re serving Monopoly.”
Served me right for asking, I guess.
After that I walked around to clear my head and take pictures. If I could be drunk for an hour, then switch it off, I’d be a lot more enthusiastic about alcohol. But the fact that I need to essentially engage in an exercise regimen or take a hot bath to clear my head puts an upper limit on how much I’ll ever enjoy it. Which is just as well. I’ve been addicted to enough things in the course of my life, and certainly don’t need one more.
Me in 2006:
And me now:
I think I’m wearing the same brand of jeans and style of shirt in both pictures, but that’s where the similarities end. Thank goodness.
[To the tune of Radiohead, “Myxomatosis (Judge, Jury & Executioner),” from the album Hail To The Thief (I give it 4 stars).]
I made it up to Oxford, and to my hotel room, which overlooks the business school, fittingly enough.
The event in London was quite interesting. I’m glad I went, and I met a couple people who it was nice to meet.
The guys who work the coat check desk were two elderly guys who, I swear, were the ones who taught Michael Caine to talk. These guys had accents that Americans would love– not the posh accents used by people named Rupert and Portia, but by the cheeky butler. I had to wonder if they can switch it on for Americans. Maybe they just turn it to eleven, so to speak, when we Yanks are around.
U. Pennsylvania: Ph.D. in History and Sociology of Science, 1991.
U. Pennsylvania: M.A. in History and Sociology of Science, 1988.
U. Pennsylvania: B.A. w/ Honors in History and Sociology of Science, 1986.
Microsoft Research Cambridge, January 2011-present: Visiting Researcher in the Socio-Digital Systems group, working on contemplative computing.
Future2, July 2009-present: Founder of a research and consulting company focused on developing and applying new futures techniques. Our aim is to make futures more perceptive and persuasive.
Oxford University, March 2008-present: Associate Fellow, Saïd Business School. Advising students in the EBMA program on projects relating to technology, futures, scenarios and strategy.
Institute for the Future, January 2000-July 2009: Research Director. Director or coauthor of projects on the future of science, ubiquitous computing, mobile communication, and other subjects. Organized and facilitated expert workshops and client events.
Stanford University, 1999-present: Visiting Scholar, History and Philosophy of Science; Visiting Scholar, Science Technology and Society, 1999-2008. Conduct research in history of science and technology.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, April 1996-February 1999: Managing editor. Directed content development for Britannica’s first multimedia CD and Web site; revamped editorial processes.
University of California-Davis, 1994-1996: Lecturer, Department of History.
University of California-Berkeley: Chancellor’s postdoctoral fellow, 1994-1996.
Stanford University: NSF postdoctoral fellow, 1991-1992.
Williams College: Gaius Charles Bolin fellow, Department of History, 1989-1990.
Research. Ability to design and manage complex, multidisciplinary research projects. Authored a dozen public IFTF reports on the future of information technology, ubiquitous computing, and science; coauthored several dozen proprietary reports, roadmaps, and scenarios.
Writing. Author of one academic book (Empire and the Sun, Stanford U. Press, 2002), and three dozen articles and reviews in magazines, newspapers, and scholarly journals. Regular contributor to both professional and personal blogs.
Meeting organization and facilitation. Extensive experience organizing and facilitating conferences, workshops, and brainstorming sessions. Led or co-hosted scenario exercises, expert workshops, and executive workshops in Europe, Asia, Australia, and North America.
Management. Managed Encyclopedia Britannica’s 25-member editorial division and $2 million budget during EB’s transition from print to electronic publishing; have managed small groups and distributed teams at IFTF.
Speaking. Taught courses at UC-Berkeley, Stanford, and Williams College. Presented numerous keynotes and invited talks in Europe, Asia, and North America.
Technical/Web. 10+ years experience with HTML, CSS, Web design. Founding editor of IFTF’s Future Now blog (future.iftf.org); developed wikis for futures and strategy groups in major companies, and for internal IFTF use.
Empire and the Sun: Victorian Solar Eclipse Expeditions. (Writing Science Series.) Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002. [Google Books]
Future Knowledge Ecosystems: The Next 20 Years of Technology-Led Economic Development. (With Anthony Townsend and Rick Weddle.) Raleigh, NC: Research Triangle Park Foundation, 2009.
“Knowledge Tools of the Future.” (With Mike Love.) 2008 Technology Horizons.
“A Model World: Simulation and the Future of Virtuality.” (With David Pescovitz.) 2007 Technology Horizons.
“Intentional Biology: Nature as Source and Code.” (With David Pescovitz.) 2006 Technology Horizons.
RFID in Consumers’ Eyes: Creating Value Beyond the Supply Chain. 2005 Technology Horizons.
Very Small World: The Future of MEMS and Nanotechnology. (With Kathi Vian.) 2003 Technology Horizons.
Eight Connective Technologies. (With Kathi Vian, et al.) 2002 Technology Horions.
“Citizen Scientist.” (With Bob Twiggs.) Scientific American, in press, February 2011.
“Using Futures 2.0 to Manage Intractable Futures: The Challenge of Weight Loss.” Foresight: The Journal of Futures Studies, Strategic Thinking and Policy, in press.
“Feasting at the ‘Banquet of Consequences:’ Unintended Consequences and the Future of Futures.” myForesight: The Journal of Malaysian Futures, in press.
“Thinking Big: Large Media, Creativity and Collaboration.” Parsons Journal for Information Mapping 3:1 (January 2011), online at http://piim.newschool.edu/journal/.
“Social Scanning: Or, Finally a Use for Twitter!” Futures: The Journal of Policy, Planning and Futures Studies 42 (December 2010), 1222-1230.
Global Scenarios: Their Current State and Future. Monterey, CA: Naval Postgraduate School, GPPAG Working Paper, 2010.
“Paper Spaces: Visualizing the Future.” World Future Review (February/March 2010), 31-40.
“Futures 2.0: Rethinking the Discipline.” Foresight: The Journal of Futures Studies, Strategic Thinking and Policy 12:1 (Spring 2010), 5-20.
“Four Secrets of Science and Business Innovation.” eJournal USA, special issue on “Roots of Innovation” (November 2009), 19-22.
“The Growth of Citizen Science.” (With Darlene Cavalier.) New York Academy of Sciences Magazine (October 2009), 8.
“Mighty Mouse.” diid: disengo industriale | industrial design 39 (2009), i-xvi.
“Tinkering to the Future” Vodafone Receiver Magazine 22 (May 2009).
“Why We’re Not Obsolete.” Seed Magazine Online (12 May 2009).
“Hands, Minds, and the End of Cyberspace.” In Kristof Nyiri, ed, Towards a Philosophy of Telecommunications Convergence (Vienna: Passagen Verlag, 2008), 55-62.
“The Industrialization of Vision in Victorian Science.” Bildwelten des Wissens 5:2 (2008), 20-28.
“The Next Scientific Revolution?” 2007 Ten Year Forecast.
“Ecoscience in the Marketplace.” (With Kathi Vian, et al.) 2007 Ten Year Forecast.
“The Future of Manufacturing.” (With Jamais Cascio.) 2007 Ten Year Forecast.
“Science in the City.” (With Anthony Townsend.) 2006 Ten Year Forecast.
“Raising the Floor: Are You Ready for the Next Industrial Revolution?” Samsung DigitAll Magazine (Summer 2006).
With David Pescovitz. “‘Cyberspace’ is Dead.” Wired 14.02 (February 2006), 39.
“The End of Cyberspace.” Berkshire Savant 1:2 (Winter 2006), 1-2, 8.
“The End of Cyberspace.” 2006 Ten Year Forecast.
Science and Technology Outlook: 2005-2055. (With Marina Gorbis, et al.) Department of Trade and Industry, UK Government, 2006.
“From iPod to Ourpod: Will it Become a More Social Machine?” San Jose Mercury News (10 October 2005), P1, 6.
“When Worlds Collide,” CIM Magazine (Spring 2005), 28-29.
“Visible Minds: Collective Intelligence.” 2005 Ten Year Forecast.
Place and Space: The Emerging Geoweb. (With Rod Falcon, et al.) 2004 Technology Horizons.
“The Addressable World.” 2004 Ten Year Forecast.
“Globally Mobile Boomers.” (With Paul Saffo.) 2004 Ten Year Forecast.
“Mighty Mouse,” Stanford Magazine (March/April 2002).
“Environmentalism and Economics Partner Up.” 2002 Ten Year Forecast.
“The Making of the Mouse.” American Heritage of Invention and Technology (Winter 2001), 48-54.
“Old Wine for New Bottles: Developing the Britannica CD Multimedia Timelines.” Human IT 1/1999 (Spring 1999), 95-118.
“Hypertext, the Next Generation: A Review and Research Agenda.” First Monday 3:11 (November 1998).
“The Work of the Encyclopedia in the Age of Electronic Reproduction.” First Monday 3:9 (September 1998).
“Visual Representation and Post-constructivist History of Science.” Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences, 27 (1997), 139-171.
“‘Stars should henceforth register themselves’: The Rhetoric and Reality of Early Astrophotography.” British Journal for the History of Science 31 (1997), 177-201. [Reprinted in Tim Lenoir, ed., Inscribing Science (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1998), and Peter Geimer, ed., Ordnungen der Sichtbarkeit: Fotografie in Wissenschaft, Kunst und Technologie (Suhrkamp, 2001).]
“Dome Days: Buckminster Fuller and the Cold War.” In Jenny Uglow, ed., Cultural Babbage: Essays in Science Studies (London: Faber & Faber, 1996), 167-192.
“Whose Dome is It, Anyway?” American Heritage of Invention and Technology (Spring 1996), 28-31.
“Gender, Culture, and Astrophysical Fieldwork: Elizabeth Campbell and the Lick Observatory-Crocker Eclipse Expeditions.” Osiris, 11 (1996), 17-43.
“Victorian Observing Practices, Printing Technology, and Representations of the Solar Corona.” Journal for the History of Astronomy, 25 (November 1994), 249-274; 26 (February 1995), 63-75.
“The Social Event of the Season: Solar Eclipse Expeditions and Victorian Culture.” Isis, 84 (June 1993), 252-277.
“The Richards Medical Research Building.” In David Brownlee and David de Long, eds., Louis Kahn: In the Realm of Architecture, (New York: Rizzoli, 1991), 324-329. [Reprinted in translation: Louis I. Kahn: Le monde de l’architecte, tr. Alain Guiheux (Paris: Centre Georges Pompidou, 1992); Ruisu Kan: Kenchiku no Sekai, tr. Koyama Laboratory (Tokyo: Delphi Research, 1992); Louis I. Kahn, tr. Caterina Fuchi (Milan: RCS Libri e Grande Opere, 1995).]
“Edward Bowles and Radio Engineering at MIT, 1920-1940.” Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences, 20 (1990), 313-337.
“Oral History and the History of Science.” International Journal of Oral History, 10 (1989), 270-285.
“Sunspotting,” American Scientist 95:6 (December 2007). Review of Stuart Clark, The Sun Kings.
“Carving the Valley,” Chemical Heritage Magazine 25:1 (Spring 2007). Review of Christoph Lecuyer, Making Silicon Valley.
“Intel Insider,” American Scientist 93:6 (December 2007). Review of Leslie Berlin, The Man Behind the Microchip.
“Staying Human in an Age of Zeroes and Ones.” Los Angeles Times Book Review (25 August 2005), 2. Review of Michael Chorost, Rebuilt: How Becoming Part Computer Made Me More Human.
“Era of Souped-up Humans Beings is Coming.” Los Angeles Times (7 March 2005), C4. Review of Ramez Naam, More Than Human: Embracing the Promise of Biological Enhancement.
“The Gadgets of Our Lives,” Los Angeles Times Book Review (2 May 2004), 6. Review of Edward Tenner, Our Own Devices: The Past and Future of Body Technology.
“Rise of the Machines,” Los Angeles Times Book Review (14 December 2003), 12-13. Review of Clark, Natural Born Cyborgs and Rheingold, Smart Mobs.
“It’ll be a Bug’s Life,” Los Angeles Times Book Review (6 July 2003), 5. Review of Bruce Sterling, Tomorrow Now.
“Paper or Plastic,” Los Angeles Times Book Review (14 April 2002), 8. Review of David Levy, Scrolling Forward.
“The Final Frontier,” Los Angeles Times Book Review (13 January 2002), 5. Review of Lawrence Lessig, The Future of Ideas.
“The Next Next Thing,” American Scholar 70: 4 (Autumn 2001), 138-142. Review of Steven Johnson, Emergence.
“Kathryn Harrison, On Line and on Paper,” Isis 92:1 (March 2001), 204-205.
“Don’t Worry, Be Wealthy,” San Jose Mercury News Book Review (29 October 2000), 1, 4. Review of Dinesh D’Souza, The Virtues of Prosperity.
“Mongrel Capitalism,” The Atlantic Monthly (November 2000), 118-120. Review of G. Pascal Zachary, The Global Me.
“The Human Touch,” Los Angeles Times Book Review (3 September 2000), 1-3. Review of John Seely Brown and Paul Duguid, The Social Life of Information.
“Creative Destruction: Will Fast Money Dull Silicon Valley’s Edge?” Los Angeles Times Book Review (31 October 1999), 1-2. Review of Hiltzig, Dealers of Lightning; Kaplan, The Silicon Boys; Michael Lewis, The New New Thing.
“Lost Innocence,” American Scholar 68 (Summer 1999). Review of Alvin Kernan, In Plato’s Cave.
“The Book is Here to Stay,” American Scholar 68 (Winter 1998), 139-141. Review of Kilgour, The Evolution of the Book and O’Donnell, Avatars of the Word.
Bernard Smith, Imagining the Pacific. Isis 85:2 (June 1994), 340-341.
S. N. Sen, Scientific and Technical Education in India. Isis 84:2 (June 1993), 398-399.
Henry Guerlac, Radar in World War II. Isis 80:3 (September 1989), 556-557.
Jay Baldwin, BuckyWorks. Isis 89:1 (March 1998), 170-171.
E. G. Bowen, Radar Days. Isis 79:4 (December 1988), 739-740.
Mel Horwitch, Clipped Wings. Isis 78:4 (December 1987), 644-645.
X2: The Future of Science Technology and Innovation. An online project to forecast science and technology innovations; map future geographical centers of excellence; and identify new groups of innovators. Developed initial editorial and technical specs; served as editor and information ecologist; conducted workshops with scientists in England, Hungary, Malaysia, Singapore, and the U.S.
Founding editor, IFTF’s Future Now, a group weblog on technology and the future, June 2003-present.
“The Future,” Red Herring Online weblog, April 2004-May 2005.
Making the Macintosh: Technology and Culture in Silicon Valley, Stanford Library, June 2000.
Encyclopaedia Britannica 1998 CD. Directed content development for Britannica’s first multimedia CD.
“The Life of the Mind.” American Historical Association, Washington DC, 6 January 2008. [online]
“The Future of Science: Revolutions.” Technology and Society: Global and Local Challenges. Budapest, 2 October 2007.
“Hands, Brains, and Cyberspace: Implications of Convergence.” Philosophy of Communications Convergence, Budapest, 29 September 2007.
“Innovation, Culture, and the Future.” Closing keynote, Culture and Innovation Conference, Turku, Finland, 8 June 2007.
“The Future of RFID.” RFID World Asia 2007, Singapore, 25 April 2007.
“The Future of Science.” National Nuclear Security Administration, Department of Energy, Washington DC, 4 April 2007.
“The Future of Technology Forecasting.” Defence Academy of the United Kingdom, Shrivenham, England, 15 November 2006.
“The End of Cyberspace.” University Library Lecture, UC-Santa Cruz, 25 April 2006.
“The Future of Design.” Design Day Conference, Aarhus, Denmark, 25 October 2005.
“The Futures of STS.” Does STS Mean Business 2? Saïd Business School, Oxford University, 29 June 2005.
“Sensors and Sensibility: The Rise of Pervasive Computing and the Fall of Cyberspace.” NEXT 2004, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1 December 2004.
“Pervasive Computing and the Future of Media.” Digital Cultures and Institutions Program, Santa Clara University, 22 October 2004.
“The Future of Paper.” GAMIS, Denver CO, 15 October 2004.
“The Past and Future of New Media.” Cal State Hayward, 4 March 2004.
“Happy Ever After in the Marketplace: STS in Strategic Planning.” CSTS lectures, Santa Clara University, May 2003.
“Emerging Technologies and the Future of Education.” Community College Foundation, Cupertino, 3 December 2002.
Advisory Board, Innovation Media Africa, November 2008-present.
Board of Trustees, Peninsula School, June 2006-May 2009.
Strategic Planning Committee, Peninsula School, February 2005-May 2006.
Editorial Board, American Scholar, May 1999-September 2004.
Guiding Committee, Unleashing the Humanities: The Doctorate Beyond the Academy, Woodrow Wilson Foundation, 1999-2001.
Committee on Publications, History of Science Society, 1996-1999.
Committee on Diversity, History of Science Society, 1993-1996.
Book Review Editor, Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences, 1992-1996.
U. Pennsylvania: Inaugural Oppenheim lecture, University Scholars, 2 November 2001.
Korea Society: Travel fellowship to South Korea, fall 1998.
History of Science Society: Henry and Ida Schuman prize, 1991.
National Science Foundation: Graduate fellowship, 1987-89, 1990-91.
Newcomen Society and College Alumni Society prizes for best senior thesis, 1986.
U. Pennsylvania: University Scholar, 1984-91; Benjamin Franklin Scholar, 1982-86.
Philip Morris, Inc.: Full academic scholarship, 1982-86.
Max Planck Institute, Berlin: Postdoctoral fellowship, 1996 (declined).
UCLA: STS postdoctoral fellowship, 1994 (declined).
NATO/NSF: Postdoctoral fellowship to Cambridge University, 1992 (declined).
Information Revolutions: Technology and forms of knowledge.
Methods seminar in science studies.
History of Western science from antiquity to today.
History of science and technology in America, 1865-1995.
Art, technology, and science from antiquity to today.
Nature, history, and natural history from Pliny to Darwin.
Technology, science, and European imperialism.